COVID-19 until 600 on July 22 Delta mutation swept through more than 120 countries; WTO calls for expansion of vaccine production

In the past 24 hours, the world recorded 522,185 cases of COVID-19 and 8,097 deaths. The total number of COVID-19 cases globally exceeded 192.7 million cases, of which over 4.14 million people did not survive.

Medical staff transfer COVID-19 patients at a hospital in Mulhouse, eastern France. Photo: AFP
Medical staff transfer COVID-19 patients at a hospital in Mulhouse, eastern France. Photo: AFP

According to the statistics of the worldometers.info website, updated to 6 am on July 22 (Vietnam time), the total number of cases of acute respiratory infection (COVID-19) globally is 192,754,969 cases. , of which 4,141,447 people died.

The number of daily cases after a period of remission is now showing signs of increasing again on a global scale, with the "hottest" epidemic areas in Asia and Europe, while the number of deaths remains at low levels. worrisome. In some Eurasian countries, the situation is escalating again with the outbreak of a very dangerous strain of Delta virus. In particular, the UK and Brazil have an alarmingly high number of new cases.

Recently, Delta and Delta Plus strains have appeared in a number of countries, forcing governments to speed up vaccinations and tighten epidemic prevention measures to avoid a new wave of COVID-19.

People wear masks to prevent COVID-19 in Paris, France. Photo: AFP
People wear masks to prevent COVID-19 in Paris, France. Photo: AFP

The pandemic, after nearly 2 years, has appeared and spread in 219 countries and territories. Countries also recorded 175,218,426 cured patients, 13,395,096 active cases and 82,132 cases in critical condition. On July 21, the world had 112 countries and territories recording new COVID-19 cases; 89 countries/territories have deaths from the pandemic.

The World Health Organization (WHO) on July 21 assessed that the Delta variant, first detected in India, has so far spread to 124 countries and territories. This variant was also detected in more than 75% of the patient samples sent for genomic analysis in many major countries. In its weekly epidemic report published on July 20, WHO said that this variant will overwhelm all other variants and become the main pathogenic variant in the coming months.

The US is still the world's leading country in terms of cases and deaths with 35,127,367 cases, of which 625,719 deaths. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the number of Delta variant infections has increased significantly and now accounts for 83% of genetically sequenced samples in the US. President Joe Biden also acknowledged that there is still a long way to go in the context of the increasing number of new cases due to the Delta mutation. Indonesia is the country with the highest number of virus deaths in the world in the past 24 hours.

People wait in line to get tested for COVID-19 in Seoul, South Korea, on July 13, 2021. Photo: Yonhap
People wait in line to get tested for COVID-19 in Seoul, South Korea, on July 13, 2021. Photo: Yonhap

In South Korea, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KDCA) on the morning of July 21 announced that the number of new cases in South Korea was 1,784, the highest daily increase ever, due to cluster infections. may continue to spread nationwide with the emergence of the highly contagious Delta variant.

According to KDCA, of the new cases, there are 1,726 domestic infections and the number of new cases has been continuously above 1,000 cases in the past 2 weeks. Also according to KCDA, there has been one more death in South Korea, bringing the death toll from the pandemic to 2,060. In response to the increase in new cases and deaths, South Korea has tightened epidemic prevention and control measures.

In Japan, the capital Tokyo on July 21 announced an additional 1,832 new cases, the highest level since January 16. Experts warn that Japan may suffer a fifth wave of infections, with the number of new infections increasing sharply ahead of the opening ceremony of the Tokyo Olympics, scheduled for July 23. Health experts also warned of a "severe" situation in Tokyo, with the number of new infections likely to rise higher as early as August.

Registration for vaccination against COVID-19 in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China on April 10, 2021. Photo: AFP
Registration for vaccination against COVID-19 in Nanjing, Jiangsu province, China on April 10, 2021. Photo: AFP

On the same day, mainland China recorded 22 new cases, including 2 infections in the community, both in Yunnan province (Yunnan) and 20 imported cases. Thus, up to now, mainland China has recorded a total of 92,364 cases, including 4,636 deaths.

Due to concerns about the spread of the disease, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (China) government announced that it will maintain most of the currently applied social distancing measures for another two weeks, until August 4. This notice takes effect from 0:00 on July 22.

In the Middle East, Israel applies a series of new epidemic prevention regulations, including regulations on wearing masks and sanctions for accompanying violations to prevent the spread of Delta - a super-spreading variant. infection and cause serious complications in patients. Data from the Israeli Ministry of Health showed that the number of new cases per day increased to 1,400 cases on July 20, which is the second day in a row at over 1,000 cases. There were also 2 more severe cases in the day, bringing the total number of serious patients to 63.

Customers disinfect their hands to prevent COVID-19 infection before entering a supermarket in Rome, Italy. Photo: THX
Customers disinfect their hands to prevent COVID-19 infection before entering a supermarket in Rome, Italy. Photo: THX

In Europe, on July 21, the UK recorded 44,104 new infections, down from 46,558 reported a day earlier, while there were 73 deaths, also down from 96 cases a day earlier. To date, 46.4 million people in this country have been vaccinated with at least 1 dose of the vaccine, of which 36.4 million people have been vaccinated with 2 doses. NS

Meanwhile, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova said on the same day that 80% of the country's population could be immune by November. According to her, 33.6 million people in this country have been vaccinated with at least 1 dose of the vaccine, of which 22.6 million have been vaccinated with 2 doses.

In France, cinemas, museums and sports venues in France from July 21 will require visitors to present a vaccination certificate or negative test result to be allowed into the country. is witnessing the 4th wave of epidemics with a high number of new cases of COVID-19.

Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, June 13, 2021. Photo: AFP
Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, June 13, 2021. Photo: AFP

Accordingly, the above "medical passes" are required at any event or venue with 50 or more participants. This measure will also be extended to restaurants, cafes and commercial centers in France from August. The Louvre Museum is among the locations that will start applying this rule from July 21.

Some museum officials said foreign visitors were also not surprised when asked to show vaccination certificates or negative test results because these are the documents they must bring when entering France.

At the Eiffel Tower, visitors who do not have a vaccination certificate will be offered a test. With vaccination certificates, residents and visitors are required to have 2 full shots at least 1 week before being accepted into the above locations.

Health workers take samples for COVID-19 testing for people in Johannesburg, South Africa, June 28, 2021. Photo: AFP
Health workers take samples for COVID-19 testing for people in Johannesburg, South Africa, June 28, 2021. Photo: AFP

In Africa, the Algerian Ministry of Health said that the country recorded an additional 1,298 new cases and 23 deaths, bringing the total number of infections in this country to 155,784 people and 3,979 deaths. These are the record numbers recorded in a day since this North African country recorded its first case on February 25, 2020. In order to prevent the spread of the disease, the Government of Algeria has decided to increase COVID-19 prevention measures and impose a curfew.

In a move to achieve equal access to vaccines, pharmaceutical company Pfizer/BioNTech said it has found a partner to produce a COVID-19 vaccine in South Africa, Biovac pharmaceutical company based in South Africa. Cape Town.

This is the first vaccine production agreement in Africa, with the product being exclusive to the Black Continent. However, this project will take a long time to implement, so it is expected that Pfizer / BioNTech's vaccine packaged in Africa will not be able to circulate before 2022.

Medical staff take samples for COVID-19 testing for people in Bangkok, Thailand on April 27, 2021. Photo: AFP
Medical staff take samples for COVID-19 testing for people in Bangkok, Thailand on April 27, 2021. Photo: AFP

According to the statistics of worldometers.info, as of 23:59 on July 21, countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) recorded an additional 71,853 cases of COVID-19 compared to the previous day. while the total number of deaths rose above 122,640 people.

In the past 24 hours, the ASEAN association has 5 member countries that have recorded new deaths from COVID-19: the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia and Cambodia. Southeast Asia is one of the hottest epidemic spots in Asia.

The most serious outbreak in Southeast Asia is still Indonesia, the epidemic situation in the "country of ten thousand islands" is getting more and more serious, the number of new cases and deaths has increased sharply. In the past 1 day, Indonesia is the country with the highest number of deaths and new cases in Asia, the number of new cases of this country is also the highest since the beginning of the epidemic so far for many consecutive days. The number of daily deaths in Indonesia is higher than all other ASEAN countries combined and higher than the epicenter of India.

People wait in line to get vaccinated against COVID-19 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, July 2, 2021. Photo: THX
People wait in line to get vaccinated against COVID-19 in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, July 2, 2021. Photo: THX

Meanwhile, the development of the epidemic is also very serious in the Philippines in recent days. However, the Philippines is seeing a lower number of deaths and cases than many other member countries, signaling that the epidemic has shown signs of slowing down in this country.

Malaysia's situation is extremely worrying. This country is also the second hot spot in the region after Indonesia, when the new wave of epidemics has lasted and shows no sign of cooling down. Malaysia is witnessing an escalating epidemic trend due to the number of new cases / day increasing rapidly in the past few weeks, while the number of deaths from COVID-19 is also at an alarming rate.

On July 21, Malaysia recorded the third highest number of new cases in Southeast Asia, and at the same time, the number of deaths was also at an ominous level with 199 deaths (ranked second in ASEAN). In the face of a new wave of dangerous epidemics, the Malaysian Government has decided to extend the nationwide blockade in the hope of reversing the epidemic graph.

According to the worldometers.info website, Myanmar in the past 24 hours has not published COVID-19 epidemic data.

Moving the body of a COVID-19 patient for cremation in Yangon, Myanmar on July 10, 2021. Photo: AFP
Moving the body of a COVID-19 patient for cremation in Yangon, Myanmar on July 10, 2021. Photo: AFP

Thailand also faces a worrying situation when the number of community infections has remained high in recent days, forcing the country to decide to tighten epidemic prevention measures. The "Land of the Emerald Buddha" on July 21 recorded more than 13,002 new cases, while the number of deaths was 108, compared to the past few days. Compared to a week ago, the number of new cases in Thailand is witnessing a sharp increase, the number of deaths is also ominously high. The capital Bangkok continues to be subject to a curfew.

Cambodia's epidemic is also serious and ominous when the country has 812 new patients and 19 deaths in the past day. Currently, Cambodia is suffering from the most serious disease situation since the beginning of the epidemic, forcing the country to impose a blockade order in many areas and provinces. Phnom Penh is still the most severe epidemic point of Cambodia.

Specifically, the SARS-CoV-2 virus has so far claimed the lives of a total of 122,646 people in Southeast Asia, an increase of 1,741 cases compared to the previous day. While the number of cases increased to 6,353,419 cases. In addition, the ASEAN region also saw 5,232,256 successfully treated patients.

The whole bloc is still witnessing worrying and complicated disease developments when the new strain Delta is causing new outbreaks of epidemics in many member countries. In the past 24 hours, 9 of the remaining 9 member countries in ASEAN have all recorded new COVID-19 cases.

Director General of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala
Director General of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala

On July 21, World Trade Organization (WTO) Director-General Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala delivered a speech on expanding production of COVID-19 vaccines to promote equitable access, which emphasized the Although vaccine deployment has been accelerated, inequality in vaccines remains challenging.

In June, 1.1 billion doses were administered worldwide, 45% more than in May and more than double the total for April. The COVAX program has now delivered more than 134 million doses to 136 economies. Vaccine production is also increasing. According to research firm Airfinity, more than 1 billion more doses of the vaccine had been produced by June 2021, bringing the total global production by mid-July to 3.8 billion.

Of those 1.1 billion doses in June, only 1.4% reached Africans, 17% of the global population. Only 0.24% belonged to people in low-income countries. In developed countries, 94 doses have been given for every 100 people.

Vaccine against COVID-19 of Sinovac pharmaceutical company in Beijing, China. Photo: THX
Vaccine against COVID-19 of Sinovac pharmaceutical company in Beijing, China. Photo: THX

While in Africa the ratio is 4.5, in low-income countries it is 1.6. In Africa, only 20 million people, or 1.5% of the population, are fully immunized, compared with 42% of people in developed countries.

In May, Ms. Okonjo-Iweala and World Health Organization (WHO) Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus joined with partners from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank to call for 50 billions of dollars invested in upfront vaccinations around the world to save lives and boost the world economy.

Unequal access to vaccines is the main reason for the K-shaped global economic recovery, in which advanced economies and some others are moving ahead, while the rest are lagging. against the backdrop of rising poverty and unemployment.

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