Evidence from the US shows the great effect of the Covid-19 vaccine

According to a new report from the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Covid-19 vaccine prevented at least 250,000 infections and tens of thousands of deaths in the elderly between January and January alone. May 2021.

Before there was a vaccine, the San Francisco Department of Public Health (USA) needed three whiteboards to list the names of nursing facilities with Covid-19 outbreaks.

Dr. Louise Aronson, professor of Gerontology at the San Francisco Department of Public Health, said: "We've been dealing with outbreaks all the time. Everywhere, in so many settings, big and small. , Wealth…"

But in February, when older adults began to be vaccinated in larger numbers, the San Francisco Department of Public Health began removing the names of nursing facilities from the table.

The vials are labeled with illustrations of the Covid-19 vaccine.
The vials are labeled with illustrations of the Covid-19 vaccine.

Dr. Aronson told CNN: "In April, all the whiteboards were blank. I took pictures of these boards with my phone. Everything happened very quickly. The vaccine really made a big difference. That's it. is the visible miracle".

PREVENT 265,000 US INFECTIONS

These "visible miracles" took place across the United States this spring, according to a new report released on October 5 by the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

Getting the Covid-19 vaccine prevented at least 250,000 Covid-19 infections and tens of thousands of deaths among the elderly between January and May 2021 alone.

Specifically, the report from HHS shows that vaccination for the elderly under the US health insurance program Medicare is associated with an approximately 265,000 reduction in new Covid-19 infections, 107,000 hospital admissions and 39,000 deaths. during the above period.

The elderly have been hit hard by the pandemic. Nearly 80% of Covid-19 deaths in the US are in people 65 and older. These numbers show why public health leaders push older adults to get vaccinated.

"You were able to prevent a lot of deaths, infections and hospitalizations very early, just a few months after vaccination. It really shows that vaccines are effective," said Dr. Claudia Hoyen, an expert. infectious disease director/director of pediatric infection control at UH Rainbow Children's Hospital in Cleveland, told CNN.

Moderna vaccine vials against COVID-19.
Moderna vaccine vials against COVID-19.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says that people 65 and older who are fully immunized have a 94% reduction in their risk of being hospitalized.

The elderly are currently the most immunized demographic group in the US. More than 94% of older adults have now received at least one dose of the Covid-19 vaccine, according to the US CDC. According to the Alabama Department of Public Health, even in Alabama, where vaccination coverage has been slow, the elderly are the most vaccinated.

When all adults are in an area with high vaccination rates, protection is even better.

EFFECTIVE IN ALL RACES, ETHNICITIES 

In the HHS study, the positive effects of vaccines were observed across all racial and ethnic groups and across all 48 US states.

HHS estimates the vaccine has reduced 29,000 infections and nearly 4,600 deaths among older adults of color in Black Medicare. This number is similar among older Hispanic adults. For people of Asian descent, the vaccine has helped reduce 7,600 infections and 1,400 deaths.

Vaccination also makes a big difference in Alaska Native and Native American communities. The number of infections and deaths in these communities is estimated to decrease by 21% and 25%, respectively. Meanwhile, this figure in whites is 18% and 22%.

"This report reaffirms what we've seen in the states: Covid-19 vaccines save lives, prevent hospitalizations and reduce infections," HHS Secretary Xavier Becerra said in a statement.

"The Biden administration has made it a priority to get vaccines quickly to pharmacies, nursing homes, doctors' offices and even increase the rate of payment for Covid-19 vaccinations at home, so that the elderly and those others can easily be immunized".

As vaccine immunity gradually wanes, CDC now recommends that people 65 years of age and older get a booster shot at least six months after their first dose if they've had the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine. About 8% of people 65 years of age and older received this booster dose.

The US Food and Drug Administration's vaccine advisers are expected to discuss the booster doses of the Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines later this month.

"I hope this gets a lot of older people really excited about the news that they're eligible for a booster shot if they've had it for six months," said Dr. Hoyen. And as winter approaches, we want to. make sure everyone's immunity goes up, so now is a good time for those elderly people to think about booster doses and flu shots."

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